The political issue of SOFA is complicated by the fact that many host countries have mixed feelings about foreign bases on their soil and that SOFA renegotiation requests are often linked to calls for a total withdrawal of foreign troops. Issues of different national practices may arise – while the United States and host countries in general agree on what constitutes a crime, many American observers believe that the host country`s judicial systems offer much lower protection than the United States and that the host country`s courts may be under pressure from the public to be found guilty; In addition, U.S. service members who are invited to send shipments abroad should not be forced to waive their rights under the Rights Act. On the other hand, observers of the host country who do not have a local equivalent of the law of rights often feel that these are irrelevant excuses for special treatment and resemble the extraterritorial agreements demanded by Western countries during colonialism. A host country where such sentiment is widespread, South Korea, itself has forces in Kyrgyzstan and has negotiated a SOFA that gives its members total immunity from prosecution by the Kyrgyz authorities for any crime, which goes far beyond the privileges that many South Koreans enter into their country`s couch with the United States.  Poland, like other countries where the US forces live, will provide them with free housing and food, a defined annual fuel quota, as well as certain elements to assist in the storage of weapons and equipment and the maintenance of the infrastructure used. The estimated cost of the permanent reception of American troops in Poland amounts to about 500 million PLN (113.7 million euros) per year. An agreement on visiting forces resembles an agreement on the status of the armed forces, with the exception of the first, which only temporarily covers intervention forces in a country that does not reside there. The enhanced defence cooperation agreement between Poland and the United States provided for the creation of the 5th U.S. Army Corps in Poland in October 2020. The units will be responsible for commanding U.S. forces on NATO`s eastern flank.
The agreement also provides for the possibility of further increasing the number of U.S. troops stationed in Poland. Thanks to the military infrastructure that Poland is preparing, in the event of a potential threat, additional forces will be immediately deployed, ensuring a common presence of 20,000 US troops. A sofa should clarify the conditions under which the foreign army can operate. As a general rule, purely military issues, such as base location and access to facilities, are covered by separate agreements. A SOFA focuses more on legal issues related to military individuals and property.